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Report Card 2010

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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Campus Survey

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With the publication of the College Sustainability Report Card 2010, more than 1,100 school survey responses from over 300 institutions are now available online. In total, these surveys offer more than 10,000 pages of data collected from colleges and universities during the summer of 2009 . To access surveys from other schools, go to the  surveys section  of the website. To see grades, or to access additional surveys submitted by this school, please click the "Back to Report Card" link at the beginning or end of the survey.


Name:  Cindy Pollock Shea

Title:  Director, Sustainability Office

Date survey submitted:  July 21, 2009





1)    Does your school have its own formal sustainability policy?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please describe and provide URL, if available:


The sustainability policy for UNC at Chapel Hill may be accessed at http://sustainability.unc.edu/Portals/0/Documents/Sustainability%20Policy.pdf or from the UNC Sustainability Office home page http://sustainability.unc.edu under “Initiatives” and “Institutionalizing Sustainability.”


2)    Has the president of your institution signed the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment (ACUPCC)?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  If completed, please provide the date the GHG Report was submitted to the ACUPCC: 

Submitted in September, 2008.


3)    Has your institution signed the Talloires Declaration?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.


4)    Is there a sustainability component in your institution’s master plan and/or strategic plan?  (Check all that apply.)

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes, in the master plan.  Please describe and provide URL, if available:


The 2001, and updated 2006, Campus Master Plan  incorporates sustainability relative to land use; water, stormwater, and resource management; transportation systems; and utility infrastructure.



The Development Agreement for the new Carolina North campus two miles north of the main campus/downtown Chapel Hill integrates sustainability principles throughout.  Development will occur in disturbed areas (a current airport and runway).  311 acres will be set aside in a permanent conservation easement.  All buildings will use at least 30% less energy than ASHRAE 90.1 2004, and 20% less indoor potable water, and 50% less outdoor water than required under the 2006 North Carolina Plumbing code.  All buildings will be dual plumbed to incorporate reclaimed wastewater and reused rainwater.  The primary axis of the development will run east-west to maximize the use of solar energy and daylight.  Transportation systems will be multimodal and transit based.  Energy will be supplied by renewable sources to the greatest extent possible, starting with electricity generated from landfill methane. “Working landscapes” will manage stormwater on-site.  All non-healthcare buildings will be designed to meet or exceed LEED Silver criteria.  All healthcare buildings shall be designed to meet or exceed the minimum LEED for Healthcare criteria.




[   ]    Yes, in the strategic plan.  Please describe and provide URL, if available:



5)    Does your school have a council or a committee that advises on and/or implements policies and programs related to sustainability?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.

If you answered “No” to question 5, please proceed directly to question 11.


6)    Please provide the name of the committee and list the number of meetings held since August 2008.  

Name: Vice Chancellor’s Sustainability Advisory Committee

Number of meetings:  The VCSAC met 8 times from August 2008 through May 2009.  (Generally, the VCSAC meets 9 times during the academic year, i.e., monthly, except for November.  The August meeting, however, was not held because neither of the newly-appointed co-chairs was in town.)


7)    Please provide number of stakeholder representatives on the committee.  

[9]  Administration

[2]  Faculty

[3]  Staff

[3] Students

[  ] Other.  Please describe.


8)    Please provide the name of the chair(s) of the committee for the 2009-2010 academic year, and indicate which stakeholder group the chair(s) represents.

If the 2009-2010 academic year information is not yet available, please provide information for 2008-2009 instead.

Name of chair(s):  (1) Van Dobson, Assistant Vice Chancellor for Facilities Services

(2) Lawrence Band, Director of the Institute for the Environment and Voit Giltmore Distinguished Professor of Geography

Position(s) (e.g., administrator, faculty, staff, student):   Administrator and Faculty.


9)    To whom does the committee report (e.g., president, vice president)?

Richard Mann, Vice Chancellor for Finance and Administration


10)     Please list key issues/programs that the committee has addressed or implemented since August 2008.


Key issues/programs that the group has addressed/implemented since August, 2008:

Progress made on each of these issues since August, 2008:


Sustainability Coordinators Program

Sustainability policy for the University of North Carolina system


Carbon “Foodprint” Project

Sustainability Curriculum and Research Inventory Project

Teaching modules for faculty to introduce the campus as a Living Laboratory

“Carolina Green Guide” online student guide to sustainable living on campus

“Carolina Green” website and logo

Climate Action Plan

Energy supply

Energy conservation and policy – technical

Energy conservation and policy – behavioral

Green development


Purchasing and recycling

Carbon offsets

Campus Energy Policy

Campus Water Management – wastewater, rainwater, potable water



11)     Does your school employ sustainability staff (excluding student employees and interns)?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please provide titles and number of sustainability staff.


[182 ]         Number of full-time staff (in FTE).  Titles:


Sustainability Office, Facilities Services (3)

Director, Sustainability Office, LEED AP

Research and Outreach Manager

Administrative and Program Assistant


At UNC, the approach is to integrate sustainability throughout all areas of campus.


Energy Management Office, Facilities Services (11)

Director, Energy Management Office

Commissioning Coordinator

Commissioning Assistant

Data Analyst


Building Specialist

Control System Operator (5)

(This is separate from the HVAC shop and from the Energy Services Department, which is responsible for energy supply.)


Office of Waste Reduction and Recycling, Facilities Services (9)

Program Manager

Recycling and Outreach Coordinator

Office Manager

Construction and Demolition Waste Specialist

Operations Manager

Labor Crew Leader (2)

Recycling Collections Specialist (2)


Design and Construction Services, Facilities Services (6)

Engineers (~3 FTEs)

Architect (~1 FTE)

Interior Designers (~2 FTEs)

(The overall department includes more than 90 people. The engineers, several of whom are LEED APs, review capital projects to ensure they are high performing buildings and design small jobs less than $300,000. The four interior designers are well versed in LEED CI performance criteria. And one of the four architects, who also design small jobs, is a LEED AP.) 


Facilities Planning (11)

Director, LEED AP

ADA Planner

Engineer (3) all LEED APs

Campus Historic Preservation Officer, LEED AP

Historically Underutilized Business Coordinator

Landscape Architect, LEED AP

Facility Architects (4) LEED APs

(Manage high performance building and landscape projects on main campus and planning for new, sustainable campus at Carolina North.)


Construction Management (1)

Project Managers (~1 FTE)

(There are seven project managers, one of whom is a LEED AP and one who works exclusively on HVAC issues.)


Engineering Information Services (1)

Engineers/GIS specialists (~1 FTE)

(out of a total of seven who work on these functions)


Energy Services Department (>7)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Specialist (responsible for Climate Action Plan and GHG emissions inventory)

Water/Wastewater/Stormwater Manager

Stormwater Engineer, nontraditional BMPs

GIS Specialist for Stormwater

Engineers (~3 FTEs)

(Many engineers work in Cogeneration Systems, Chilled Water Systems, and Electric Distribution Systems. At least 3 FTEs work on system-level efficiencies and assessing opportunities to deploy renewable energy technologies. Many also work on metering every building for steam, electricity, and chilled water.)


Environment, Health and Safety Department (12)

Environmental Affairs Manager

Environmental Compliance Officer (2)

Hazardous Materials Manager

Senior Radioactive Materials Specialist

Senior Hazardous Materials Specialist

Hazardous Materials Specialist

Radioactive Materials Specialist

Environmental Specialist (2)

Chemical Hygiene Officer

Safety Officer for Laboratory and Chemical Safety


Department of Public Safety (1)

Transportation Demand Manager


Carolina Dining Services (2)


Marketing Specialist

(local food procurement, reducing food waste, increasing water and energy efficiency, marketing sustainability initiatives)


Finance and Administration (2)

Associate Vice Chancellors (2)

For Campus Services – Energy Services, Facilities Services, Dining, EHS

For Facilities Planning and Construction – New Capital Projects and New Campus


Information Technology Services (1)

Manager (~1 FTE)

(many IT specialists are focused on virtual servers, purchasing protocols, reducing energy consumption)


North Carolina Botanical Garden (5)

Director, also a professor of Conservation Biology

Assistant Director for Natural Areas and Conservation

Natural Areas Curator

Conservation Ecologist

Millennium Seedbank Coordinator

(This does not include the curators and horticulturalists at this conservation garden, who embrace sustainability in all their actions. Their LEED platinum building will come on line in August.)


Center for Sustainable Enterprise, Kenan-Flagler Business School (14)

Executive Director, Center for Sustainable Enterprise

Faculty Director, Center for Sustainable Enterprise

Professor of Strategy and Entrepreneurship

Assistant Professor of Strategy and Entrepreneurship

Program Manager, Center for Sustainable Enterprise

Program Manager, Business Accelerator for Sustainable Entrepreneurship

Director, Center for Urban Investment Strategies

Senior Management Consultant, Urban Investment Strategies

Research Associate, Urban Investment Strategies

Executive Director, Durham Scholars Program

Business Services Coordinator, Durham Scholars Program

Family Mentor, Durham Scholars Program

Director, Center for Competitive Economies

Research Associate, Competitive Economies


Institute for the Environment (15)


Faculty (~ 5 FTEs related to sustainability )

Research Associates (3)


Environmental Resources (Outreach and Educational) Program (5) 


College of Arts and Sciences (41)

Department of City and Regional Planning

Faculty  (17) (All faculty incorporate environmental impact, sustainable transportation, communities designed to include physical activity and minorities, etc)


A share of the faculty in the following departments focus on sustainability in their teaching and research

A preliminary listing of sustainability related courses at UNC is available at



Anthropology (4)  (local food; social justice; Human Ecology of the Amazon; Globalization, Social Movements, Environment; Environmental Consciousness and Action; etc)

Biology (1) (biodiversity, conservation biology)

Chemistry  (2) (advanced materials and organic PVs)

Communication (2) (Environmental Advocacy, Environmental Communication and the Public Sphere, etc)

Geography (2) (environmental conservation, effects of land use and transportation patterns on people, environmental protection strategies in rapidly growing areas, climate change)

Geology (2) (Global Warming and the Future of the Planet, Waste in the Environment, Energy Resources for a Hungry Planet)

Marine Sciences (3) (Global Warming: Serious Threat or Hot Air; Where Did All the Fish Go?, Human Impacts on Estuarine Ecosystems)

Philosophy (1) (environmental ethics, social and environmental justice)

Physics and Astronomy (1) (renewable energy technologies and peak oil)

Political Science (1) (Race, Poverty and Politics; The Politics of Development and Change, Global Production and Workers Rights)

Public Policy (4) (environment, energy, poverty and international development, social equity)

Sociology (1) (People and the Environment in Southeast Asia, Economy and Society, Human Ecology)


Center for Urban and Regional Studies (2)


Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (3)


Center for Global Initiatives (2)

(Carolina for Kibera (a Kenyan slum), womens rights and economic advancement opportunities, global health disparities, immigration and trade, etc)


School of Public Health (5)

Environmental Science and Engineering


Active Living by Design (12)


Environmental Finance Center (7)


Staff  (~6 FTEs out of larger total)

The Center focuses on sustainability, stormwater management, water and sewer) 


Center for Public Service (~3 FTEs)

UNC is a Community Engaged University as recognized by the Carnegie Foundation. Much of that work is related to energy, the environment, social justice, and disparities related to health and opportunity)


Center on Poverty, Work and Opportunity (2)


School of Government (2)

Faculty (~ 2 FTEs)

(out of a much larger total,  environmental protection and resource management, procurement of environmentally preferable materials, etc)


School of Law (2)

Faculty (~ 2 FTEs)

(out of much larger total, poverty and justice, environmental law, carbon markets)


[ 5 ]   Number of part-time staff (in FTE).  Titles:

Graphic Designer, Office of Waste Reduction and Recycling

Adjunct Professors, Center for Sustainable Enterprise (6)

Consulting Program Manager, Center for Sustainable Enterprise

Faculty, School of Social Work (Public Service and Social Change; Sustainable Development)

Faculty, African Studies (Contemporary Africa: Issues in Health, Population, and the Environment)


12)     Does the head of the sustainability staff report directly to the president or another high-level administrator (e.g., vice president, vice chancellor)?

[   ]    N/A

[X]    No.

[   ]    Yes.  Please describe.



13)     Does your school have an office or department specifically dedicated to furthering sustainability on campus?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please describe (including name of office or department and year created): 

A Sustainability Coordinator was hired in 2001.  The Sustainability Office was created in 2004.



14)     Does your school have a website detailing its sustainability initiatives?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please provide URL:


We have two web sites for sustainability initiatives.  They can be found on the Sustainability Office website at http://sustainability.unc.edu .  In 2009, a new website and logo were launched to provide a central portal to all things green at Carolina, http://carolinagreen.unc.edu .



15)     Does your school have a formal green purchasing policy?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please describe policy and provide URL to full policy, if available.


The Energy Efficient Purchasing Policy requires that energy efficiency be a purchasing criterion for electricity-consuming equipment.  For a purchase requiring competitive bidding, the bid selection document requires Energy Star certified equipment or formal exemption, or, if the rating does not apply to the respective equipment type, a description of the equipment’s energy efficiency as compared to other products in its class.  The policy may be accessed at http://sustainability.unc.edu/Portals/0/Documents/EE%20Purchasing%20Policy.pdf or from the UNC Sustainability Office website http://sustainability.unc.edu under “Initiatives” and “Purchasing.”


The Energy Efficient Lighting Policy requires use of energy-efficient compact fluorescent lights bulbs by prohibiting the use of incandescent light bulbs in all compatible fixtures on campus.  Incandescent lamps may no longer be specified in new and renovated buildings without a formal exception.  The policy is available at http://sustainability.unc.edu/Portals/0/Documents/Energy%20Efficient%20Lighting%20Policy.pdf   or from the UNC Sustainability Office website http://sustainability.unc.edu under “Energy” and “Lighting.”


16)     Does your school purchase ENERGY STAR qualified products?

[   ]    No.

[   ]    Some.  Please describe:

[X]    All


UNC policy is to purchase only Energy Star equipment.  Large purchases, over $5,000, must be approved and sent out to bid by central purchasing.


17)     Does your school purchase environmentally preferable paper products (e.g., 100 percent post-consumer recycled, certified by the Forest Stewardship Council)?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Some.  Please describe.


UNC mandates minimum 30% post-consumer content recycled paper.  All purchases on State contract, from the general storeroom, and through our online vendor specify a minimum of 30% post-consumer content.  30% and 100% recycled paper is available on State contract and from the general storeroom.  Recycled-content paper purchases totaled more than $2,038,604 in 2008.


[   ]    All.  Please describe.


18)     Does your school purchase Green Seal, Environmental Choice certified, or biorenewable cleaning products?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Some.  Please describe. 

32 buildings have been converted to the OSI housekeeping protocol that employs Green Seal certified housekeeping products.  These 32 buildings represent almost 2 million square feet of space or 19% of the buildings maintained by Housekeeping Services. 

[   ]    All. Please describe.


19)     Are your school’s computer/electronics purchase decisions made in accordance with standards such as the Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT)?

[  ]     No.

[X]    Some.  Please describe. 

Information Technology Services, the largest campus computer purchaser, specifies EPEAT Gold. Facilities Services (a 1,000 person department) specifies EPEAT Silver or Gold computers. 

 [   ]   All.


20)     Does your school use only pesticides that meet the standards for organic crop production set by the U.S. Department of Agriculture or Canadian Organic Standards (excluding on-campus farms)?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Some.  Please describe. 

Integrated pest management and minimal environmental impact guide the practices of the Grounds Department and the North Carolina Botanical Garden.  Chemicals, such as glyphosate, are still used. 

[   ]    All.





21)     Has your school completed a greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions inventory?

Please check all that apply.

[   ]    No.

[   ]    In progress.  Please describe status and provide estimated completion date:

[X]    Yes.  Please provide total annual GHG emissions (in metric tons of CO2e). Also, include the start date for each year as well as the URL to each inventory, if available online, or attach the document.


2008:   569,195 metric tons CO2e; start date January 1, 2008

2007:   518,469 metric tons CO2e; start date January 1, 2007; GHG inventory is at http://www.climate.unc.edu/ or at http://sustainability.unc.edu/Portals/0/Documents/UNC_Chapel_Hill_GHG_Inventory.pdf and on the UNC Sustainability Office website http://sustainability.unc.edu under “Initiatives” and “Climate Change.”

2006:   493,350 metric tons CO2e; start date January 1, 2006

2005:   484,099 metric tons CO2e; start date January 1, 2005



The purchase of carbon offsets does not count toward greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions for this indicator.  They are counted in a subsequent indicator.

22)     Has your school made a commitment to reducing GHG emissions by a specific amount?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please list details. 

Reduction level:    100%

Baseline year:        2007

Target date:           2050


If you answered only "No" or "In progress" to question 21, please now skip to question 27.




23)     Has your school achieved a reduction in GHG emissions?

[X]    No.  We are still adding square footage, especially laboratory and IT space, so have not yet experienced a net decline.

[   ]    Yes.  Please list details.

Percentage reduced:   

Baseline year:             

Date achieved:           


24)     Please provide the total heating and cooling degree days averaged over the past three years.

Data on total degree heating and cooling days is available at http://www.degreedays.net .  This information will be used to help reduce bias between schools in different climates.


Cooling degree days average over the past three years:   2056

Heating degree days average over the past three years:   3218


25)     Please provide GHG emissions figures on a per-thousand-square-foot basis for the past three years.

Per-Thousand-Square-Foot Emissions = Total CO2e in metric tons / Total maintained building space in thousands of square feet.


2008:   30.80551 (Total square footage includes parking decks.)

2007:   29.19467 

2006:   30.68689

2005:   32.16712


26)     Please provide GHG emissions figures on a per-full-time-student basis for the past three years.

Per-Student Emissions = Total CO2e in metric tons / Total number of full-time enrolled students.


2008:   23.93

2007:   22.27

2006:   21.53

2005:   21.57



27)     What programs or technologies has your school implemented to improve energy efficiency (e.g., cogeneration plant, retrocommissioning of HVAC systems, performing system tune-ups, temperature setbacks)?


32 MW cogeneration facility with circulating fluidized bed technology


50,000 ton district cooling system, comprised of five chiller plants


55,000 ton-hr, 5 million gallon thermal energy storage facility


Partial retro-commissioning of air handling units has been completed in 4 campus buildings, accounting for 547,556 square feet.


Comprehensive strategic demand side energy plan almost completed by outside consultant; includes energy modeling of 20 campus buildings.


Unoccupied setbacks in 20 buildings; approximately 118 more buildings to be added shortly as part of new campus energy policy.  See http://www.unc.edu/campus/policies/Energy_Use_Policy.pdf .  Temperature and humidity sensors installed in several campus buildings to ensure overnight comfort levels.


Temperature setbacks campus wide.  Introduced in new campus energy policy approved in July 2009.  See http://www.unc.edu/campus/policies/Energy_Use_Policy.pdf


Reduced airflow in four campus laboratory buildings.


Energy consumption per square foot has fallen 12% since FY 2003. http://sustainability.unc.edu/Portals/0/Documents/State_Energy_Plan_07-08.pdf


Since 2000, approximately 50% of all campus buildings are new and energy efficient; fully renovated with improved energy efficiency; or have been subject to a major HVAC or lighting project.  



28)     Do you facilitate programs that encourage members of the campus community to reduce energy use (e.g., cash incentives, signs reminding individuals to turn off lights and appliances)?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please describe.


UNC promotes energy conservation by informing, supporting, and providing feedback.  At least 15,000 “Please turn off the lights!” have been affixed to light switches across campus.  These stickers reference a website that provides additional energy savings tips and practices, http://save-energy.unc.edu/ .  New, reusable campus mailer envelopes ask people to turn off the lights in order to “save money, save energy, reduce greenhouse gas emissions.”


Over 4,000 compact fluorescent lights were distributed to replace incandescent lights on campus in support of the University’s Energy Efficient Lighting Policy.


The Morrison residence hall lobby contains a large, touch screen that displays real-time energy use.  The building dashboard can also be viewed online at http://buildingdashboard.com/clients/unc/morrison/ .



29)     Does your school generate renewable electricity?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please specify percentage of overall electricity generated from each of the following sources and describe details below.

[    %]  B100 biodiesel

[    %]  Clean biomass

[    %]  Concentrating solar power (CSP)

[<1%]  Geothermal – for heating and cooling

[    %]  Low-impact hydropower

[<1%]  Solar photovoltaics

[    %]  Wind

[ <1%] Other


The North Carolina Botanical Garden Education Center includes a geothermal heating and cooling system, daylighting, and photovoltaic panels to generate electricity.  Because of the efficient building design and use of renewable energy technologies, the just-completed building is projected to use 48% less energy than a typical building of its size.


A contract has been entered into with Orange County to capture methane gas from the landfill to generate electricity for 7 campus buildings, and more as construction occurs at the new Carolina North campus. This project is scheduled for completion in 2011.


30)     Does your school have solar hot water systems?

[  ]     No.

[X]    Yes.  Please specify the number of systems and total BTUs generated annually, if available:


There is currently one solar hot water system at Morrison Residence Hall, which generates a minimum of 600,000,000 BTUs annually.



31)     Has your school purchased electric energy from renewable sources or renewable energy credits (REC)?

RECs and electricity from renewable sources must be Green-e certified or meet the requirements of the Green-e standard

[X]    No.

[   ]    Yes.  Please describe.

Date of most recent contract:

Quantity (kWh):

Percentage of your total electric energy use that it represents:


32)     Has your school purchased non-electric energy from renewable sources?

[X]    No.

[   ]    Yes.  Please describe.

Date of most recent contract:
Quantity (BTUs):
Percentage of your total non-electric energy use that it represents:



33)     Please provide total BTUs of energy for heating and cooling from on-site combustion:  

Approximately 1,330,000 million BTUs.


34)     Please list each fuel source (e.g., coal, natural gas, oil) and the percent of overall BTUs derived from that source:  

Coal:    97.6%

Gas:     2.4% 

during calendar year 2008. During 2009, the share of gas burned has grown to approximately 20%.


35)     Is any on-site combustion for heating and cooling derived from renewable sources?

[X]    No.

[   ]    Yes.  Please describe.

Percentage on-site combustion derived from renewable sources: 

Total BTUs of energy generated from renewable sources: 

Description of renewable energy sources used for on-site combustion for heating and cooling.






36)     Please indicate which traditional materials your institution recycles.  (Check all that apply.)

[   ]    None.

[X]    Aluminum

[X]    Cardboard

[X]    Glass

[X]    Paper

[   ]    Plastics (all)

[X]    Plastics (some)

[X]    Other.  Please list.


Scrap metal, pallets and clean wood waste, concrete and block, carpet, ceiling tiles, commingled bottles and cans, confidential paper, hardback books and mixed paper, animal bedding, food waste, yard waste, trees, firewood, sawdust, auto batteries, auto oil, brake cleaning fluid, transformer oil, Freon, cooking grease, printer cartridges, fluorescent lights, tires, white goods, transparencies, and athletic shoes.


Hazardous Materials Recycling includes batteries, circuit boards, light ballasts, computer equipment, film, film fixer, lead solder, silver solder, mercury, and dental amalgam.


37)     Diversion rate:   38%



38)     Does your institution have an electronics recycling program?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  If available, please indicate the total annual weight or volume of each material collected for recycling or reuse.

[X]    Batteries

[X]    Cell phones

[X]    Computers

[X]    Light bulbs

[X]    Printer cartridges

[X]    Other e-waste.  Please list.


Functional unwanted electronics are sent to Surplus Property, which makes it available to other campus departments and state agencies in need or sells it to qualifying non-profit organizations and the general public.



39)     What percentage of your campus’s landscaping waste is composted or mulched?



40)     Do you provide composting receptacles around campus in locations other than dining halls (e.g., in residence halls, offices, academic buildings)?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please describe.


The Sustainability Living-Learning Community of 46 students in Morrison Residence Hall maintains a compost receptacle at their dormitory.


Portable composting receptacles are available for all campus events.  The number of requests for this service is increasing as more events are “green” events at which 100% of the waste is composted.  A photo of the portable composing system is at http://carolinagreen.unc.edu/GreenEvents/WasteManagement/Composting/tabid/244/Default.aspx .


The University’s in-house caterer, Carolina Dining Services, offers composting service at catered events.


Several offices have introduced vermicomposting bins.



41)     Do you have any source-reduction initiatives (e.g., end-of-semester furniture or clothing swaps and collections)?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please describe.


The Office of Waste Reduction and Recycling and the Housing Department sponsor three source-reduction programs:  Tar Heel Treasure, the Move-in recycling drive, and the Move-out recycling drive.


In 2009, Tar Heel Treasure was initiated to generate scholarship funds by selling unwanted items donated by students at the end of the school year.  4.5 tons of goods were collected; $7,000 was raised for the Carson Scholarship.  $1,000 worth of items was donated to the North Carolina Children’s Hospital.


The regular Move-in recycling drive sent 21.8 tons of cardboard to recycling (about 44% of total waste).  The Move-out recycling drive in 2009 collected 10 tons (111 cubic yards) of furniture, appliances, carpet, clothing, food (donated to the Interfaith Council), office supplies (to be given away in the fall semester), books (donated to Better World Books), athletic shoes (Nike’s Reuse-a-Shoe Program), and computer-related waste.

Many campus processes, including intradepartmental billing and plan reviews, have converted to paperless forms. 





42)     Does your school have a formal green building policy?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please describe the policy and provide a URL to the full policy, if available:


All buildings are designed to minimum LEED Silver standards.  Furthermore, new buildings are designed to reduce energy consumption by at least 30% relative to ASHRAE 90.1 2004.  New buildings are designed to reduce indoor potable water consumption by at least 20% and total outdoor consumption by at least 50% relative to the 2006 North Carolina Plumbing code.  UNC Design Guidelines and a customized LEED checklist are available at http://www.fpc.unc.edu/Policies/DesignConstructionGuidelines.aspx .


The Development Agreement for the Carolina North campus, as approved by the Town of Chapel Hill and UNC, is available at http://townhall.townofchapelhill.org/agendas/2009/06/22/8/development_agreement_6-18-09_clean.pdf .



43)     Please indicate LEED-certified buildings.

[1]     Total number of LEED-certified buildings

[78,897 sq ft]  Certified-level (combined gross square footage).  Please list building names:

         Carrington Addition

[   sq ft]  Silver-level (combined gross square footage).  Please list building names:

[   sq ft]  Gold-level (combined gross square footage).  Please list building names:

[   sq ft]  Platinum-level (combined gross square footage).  Please list building names:


44)     Please indicate buildings that meet LEED certification but are not certified.

[1]     Total number of buildings that meet LEED criteria

[   sq ft]  Certified-level criteria met, but not certified (combined gross square footage).

               Please list building names:

[   sq ft]  Silver-level criteria met, but not certified (combined gross square footage).

               Please list building names:

[   sq ft]  Gold-level criteria met, but not certified (combined gross square footage).

               Please list building names:

[29,656 sq ft]  Platinum-level criteria met, but not YET certified (registered, construction completed August 2009) (combined gross square footage).

               Please list building names:  North Carolina Botanical Garden Education Center



[769,000 sq ft] Silver-criteria to be met

3 laboratory buildings with a combined square footage of 769,000 sq ft are in the advanced stages of design and have been registered with the USGBC. Silver certification is anticipated for the Dental Sciences Building (216,000 sq ft), the Genome Science Building (210,000 sq ft), and the Biomedical Research Imaging Building (343,000 sq ft).


45)     Please indicate buildings that are ENERGY STAR labeled.

[ 0 ]   Total number of ENERGY STAR buildings.  Please list building names.

[ 0 sq ft] Combined gross square footage



46)     Please indicate LEED-EB certified buildings.

[ 0 ]   Total number of LEED-EB certified buildings.  Please list building names.

[ 0 sq ft] Combined gross square footage


47)     Please indicate buildings that meet LEED-EB certification criteria but are not certified.

[ 0 ]   Total number of buildings that meet LEED-EB criteria but are not certified.  Please list building names:

[ 0 sq ft] Combined gross square footage


48)     Please indicate renovated buildings that are ENERGY STAR labeled.

[ 0 ]   Total number of renovated buildings that are ENERGY STAR labeled.  Please list building names.

[ 0 sq ft] Combined gross square footage


49)     What energy-efficiency technologies have you installed in existing buildings (e.g., HVAC systems, motion sensors, ambient light sensors, T5 lighting, LED lighting, timers, laundry technology)?

For each technology, please indicate the number and type of fixtures installed, and the number of buildings in which those fixtures are installed. If possible, include either the percentage of the overall campus fixtures each type represents or the percentage of overall maintained building space that has been renovated with the technology (e.g., 20 buildings representing 10 percent of maintained building space have been retrofitted with motion sensors; thus, 10 percent of the total maintained building space in square feet would be the desired data).


Traditional incandescent light bulbs (not on dimmer switches) have been removed across campus.


Approximately 90 % of building space on campus is now equipped with energy efficient lighting systems, employing electronic ballasts and T8 or T5 lamps.


Approximately 90% of building mechanical rooms has been equipped with timers to turn off the lights.


Premium efficiency, variable-speed drive motors have been installed throughout most of the campus.


Approximately 40% of common spaces across campus, such as restrooms, break rooms, and conference rooms, contain occupancy sensors.


A May 2009 tune-up of the solar and building systems at Morrison Residence Hall reduced June steam consumption 75%, chilled water consumption 54%, and electric consumption 43% relative to prior year data, for a monthly savings of approximately $17,800.


Schedule and setpoint optimization efforts at the Tompkins Chiller Plant control center reduced total annual energy use by more than 35%.


Automated boiler controls have been installed to save energy at gas-fired boilers throughout campus.


Several large spaces with intermittent occupancy have been retrofitted with CO2 sensors.


Pilot LED lights have been installed in portions of four campus buildings – an office suite, a residence hall lobby, a stairwell, and a loading dock.


153 of the 219 washing machines installed in campus residence halls, or 70%, are Energy Star certified.


50)     What water-conservation technologies have you installed in existing buildings (e.g., low-flow faucets, low-flow showerheads, waterless urinals, dual-flush toilets, gray water systems, laundry technology)?

For each technology, please indicate the number and type of fixtures installed, and the number of buildings in which those fixtures are installed.  If possible, include either the percentage of the overall campus fixtures each type represents or the percentage of overall maintained building space that has been renovated with the technology (e.g., 20 buildings, representing 10 percent of the maintained building space, have been retrofitted with low-flow faucets; thus, 10 percent of the total maintained building space in square feet would be the desired data).


A reclaimed wastewater system started operating in spring 2009 to deliver cooling tower makeup water to three of five chilled water plants on campus.  Cooling towers are the largest water use on campus.  All five plants, accounting for 200 million gallons per year or 25% of the University’s total water use, will be connected to the system by 2010.


Reclaimed wastewater will also irrigate several NCAA athletic fields, using 10 million gallons of water per year, and flush toilets in new buildings located near the distribution network.  The first building to use reclaimed wastewater to flush toilets came online in August 2009.  The first building to use harvested rainwater to flush toilets came online in spring 2007.  Harvested rainwater is also used for irrigation in multiple campus locations.  Cisterns range in size from several thousand to 350,000 gallons.


More than 140 structural stormwater best management practices have been installed, including green roofs, cisterns, infiltration beds, and pervious pavement.


Water use per square foot has decreased 57% since FY 2002.  Indoor savings have resulted from the introduction of closed loop cooling systems to produce distilled water and cool equipment and the replacement of vacuum aspirators.  New buildings specify pint urinals, dual-flush toilets, low-flow showerheads, and manually metered lavatories with aerators.  (Carolina has built or completely renovated 7 million square feet of space since 2000.)  In existing buildings, 330 toilets have been retrofitted with dual-flush valves, 47 pint urinals have been installed, and approximately 250 waterfree urinals.  In the residence halls, more than 90% of the 2,640 shower heads have a 1.5 gallon-per-minute flow rate.  (Code is 2.5 gpm.) In addition, approximately 90% of the lavatories are equipped with aerators.


51)     What percentage of your institution’s non-hazardous construction and demolition waste is diverted from landfills?






52)     Are there any sustainability-themed residential communities or housing options at your school?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please provide details below.


Name of program:    Sustainability Living Learning Community

Type of community (e.g., hall, building, house):     Morrison Residence Hall

Number of students involved:   46

Additional details:


The Morrison Sustainability Living Learning Community began in the fall of 2007 and allows students to explore their sustainable living identities and how their lifestyles positively and negatively impact the social, economic, and environmental areas around them.  There were weekly seminars where a variety of guest speakers came into the community to discuss these issues.  There were off-campus field trips to sustainable farms, the Duke Smart House, and a few sustainability conferences.  The members of the community presented to various members across campus the information they learned throughout the year to “give back” to the community.  The majority of the community efforts were student led.


For the 2009-2010 academic year, the community plans to focus on nine areas of sustainable living:  Environmental Sustainability, Sustainability of Activist Movements, Economic Sustainability, Personal Sustainability, Sustainability of Education, Sustainability of Creativity, Sustainability of Religion, Political Sustainability, and Sustainability of Development.



53)     Does a portion of your new student orientation specifically cover sustainability?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please describe how sustainability is incorporated (e.g., information session, green tour).


Campus sustainability programs and opportunities are promoted to all new students through the “Carolina Green” campaign at CTOPS (the “Carolina Testing and Orientation Program” that occurs over the summer for new and transfer students) and WOW (the “Week of Welcome” programs for all new and returning students in August).


CTOPS now includes campus sustainability information sheets distributed as part of the new student packet, sustainability dorm tips in the “Move In” guide, and an information booth at the new student resource fair.


WOW features sustainable resource bookmarks distributed with all Student Stores book purchases, recycled “Carolina Green” magnets and local transit guides at information stations around campus, and special “Carolina Green” pledge activities at select campus-wide WOW events.



54)     Does your school offer on-campus office-based sustainability internships or jobs for students?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please provide number of students and average number of hours worked weekly per student.


[17]  Paid positions.  Average hours worked weekly per student:  30 in summer, 12-15 during school year.

[15]  Unpaid positions.  Average hours worked weekly per student:  22 in summer, 15 during school year.


Center for Sustainable Enterprise: 7 paid summer positions, 6 at 40 hours per week, 1 at 10 hours per week

Recycling:  3 paid positions, 12 hours per week per student

Energy Services: 3 paid summer positions, 2 at 40 hours per week, 1 at 20 hours per week

Environmental Resource Program: 1 paid, 15 hours per week 


Transportation Demand Management: 1 paid, 14 hours per week

Institute for the Environment: 1 paid summer position, 10 hours per week

Stormwater and Water Quality Management: 1 paid, 8 hours per week


Center for Sustainable Enterprise: 4 unpaid summer positions, 20 hours per week

Institute for the Environment: 6 unpaid summer positions (4 students receive academic credit), 10 hours per week, 2 fall interns, 10 hours per week, 1 spring intern 10 hours per week

Sustainability:  2 unpaid positions, 12-15 hours per week during the school year, more in the summer

Recycling: 1 unpaid position, 15 hours per week

Energy Services: 1 unpaid summer position, 40 hours per week

Environmental Resource Program: 1 unpaid, 15 hours per week


Students at the three Institute for the Environment field sites in Manteo, Morehead City and Highlands supplement their classroom experience with 10 hour per week internships with local environmental and community organizations working on sustainability. During fall 2008, 30 students worked 10 hours per week at these unpaid internships.            


55)     Does your school have residence hall Eco-Reps or other similar programs to promote behavioral change on campus?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please provide details below and indicate URL, if available.

[2]  Paid positions.  Average hours worked weekly per student:  12.


Residential Green Games is a student-run environmental competition among the 15 UNC housing communities that lasts from September to March.  Green Games seeks to promote student awareness of campus sustainability, energy and water conservation, waste reduction, recycling, and other environmental concerns.  Students are presented with opportunities to learn about these issues from one another and are encouraged to incorporate what they’ve learned about these issues into their daily routines and lives.  In 2008-2009, Green Games hosted more than 150 programs, which attracted more than 2,000 student participants.


[0]  Positions that award academic credit.  Average hours worked weekly per student:

[0]  Uncompensated positions.  Average hours worked weekly per student:



56)     Does your school have active student-run organizations devoted to sustainability efforts on campus?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.   Please provide total number of active organizations, a brief description of each, and URLs, if available.


At least 15 unique student organizations are committed to promoting sustainability on campus.


Carolina Environmental Student Alliance – Members give presentations to local schools on environmental issues and participate in service projects such as trail building and invasive species removal.  http://www.unc.edu/student/orgs/cesa


Carolina Garden Co-op – Maintains an organic garden behind Kenan Dorm on Battle Road, conducts outreach activities, educates the campus about gardening and food, and hopes to engage the greater Chapel Hill community in its gardening.


Environmental Law Project – Expands the opportunities available to law students in the area of environmental law.  Works on numerous projects such as environmental awareness sessions, group and individual pro bono opportunities at local organizations and law firms, environmentally affiliated speakers and events, fundraising for important issues, and providing grants for students working in unpaid public interest jobs in environmental law and policy.  http://studentorgs.law.unc.edu/elp/default.aspx


Epsilon Eta – Founded at UNC in 2006, Epsilon Eta is the nation’s first environmental honors fraternity.  Drawn from a range of environmentally-related majors, members complete service projects and host events such as career fairs and speaker panels.  http://www.epsiloneta.org/index.htm


Net Impact – Comprised of students in the Kenan-Flagler Business School, Net Impact is dedicated to spreading knowledge about sustainable enterprise.  It is one of the largest and most active chapters in the country.


Renewable Energy Special Projects Committee – Works closely with Facilities Planning to identify opportunities to incorporate renewable energy into the campus.  The organization manages $184,000 in student fees collected annually from the student green energy fee.  http://respc.unc.edu


The Roosevelt Institution – UNC’s chapter of the Roosevelt Institution, the nation’s only student-run policy think tank, contains the Center on Environmental and Energy Policy.  Members have published editorials on a range of environmental policy topics, taken a trip to the State capitol with a former Secretary of the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources, and attended Roosevelt conferences outside UNC.  http://American.roosevletinstitution.org/enrinronenergy


Student Environmental Action Coalition – SEAC is an environmental advocacy group that has worked on projects such as the Green Energy Campaign and has collaborated with the Office of Waste Reduction and Recycling to improve recycling at athletic events.  Currently, SEAC is advocating for clean energy legislation in the North Carolina State legislature.


Student Government Environmental Affairs Committee – Environmental Affairs is a committee in the executive branch of student government that works with the University to make campus operations more sustainable.  The committee has also helped coordinate all environmental student groups at UNC.  https://sites.google.com/site/eac0809


Students Working in the Environment for Active Transformation – SWEAT focuses on the intersection of poverty and the environment.  The group completes service projects and hosts educational events.  In 2006, SWEAT conducted fundraising events and traveled to Kenya to climb Mount Kilimanjaro and work with the Green Belt Movement.  http://campus-y.unc.edu/index.php/committees-topmenu-110/61-sweat


Fair, Local, and Organic Food – FLO stresses fair, local, and organic food purchasing.  FLO takes a three-pronged approach to achieve its vision by (1) working directly with Carolina Dining Services to change purchasing practices and menus served in the dining halls, (2) engaging farmers in the surrounding community and creating links between the farmers and Carolina Dining Services, and (3) informing and involving the student body with the changes being implemented in dining services on campus.  http://studentorgs.unc.edu/flo


Focus the Nation – This was the first group on campus to focus solely on climate change.  Activities have included a community transportation forum, campus awareness campaigns, and outreach to local communities.


Environmental Sciences and Engineering Organization – Outreach activities include volunteering for the North Carolina Big Sweep watershed cleanup, hosting a sustainable enterprise speaker, and providing environmental tours of campus for area middle school students.  http://studentorgs.unc.edu/envrso/index.php


Engineers without Borders – This group facilitates student involvement in international engineering and health projects.  Recent projects included a 6k run/walk to raise money to bring sustainably managed drinking water to rural and underserved communities in the developing world.  http://studentorgs.unc.edu/ewb


Homeless Outreach Poverty Eradication – HOPE Garden is a project of the Campus Y committee.  It will be a community garden that employs and serves the local homeless as it promotes environmental sustainability, food security, and community vitality.  http://campus-y.unc.edu/index.php/committees-topmenu-110/38-hope



57)     Does your school organize any sustainability challenges/competitions for your campus and/or with other colleges?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please list details for all competitions.


Name of competition:  RecycleMania

Year initiated:  2001

Frequency of competition:  Yearly

Participants:  510 colleges and universities

Incentives:  “Bragging rights” and an award made of recycled glass

Goal of competition:  Over a 10-week period, campuses compete to have the largest amount of recyclables per capita, the largest amount of total recyclables, the least amount of trash per capita, or the highest recycling rate.

Percent of energy/water/waste reduced:  3.5% reduction.  During the competition, the recycling rate on campus increased from 36.7% to 40.2%.

Lasting effects of competition:  Competition gets campus community members in the habit of recycling, which promotes positive long-term behavior change.

Website:  http://www.recyclemaniacs.org





58)     How many vehicles are in your institution’s fleet?



59)     Please list the number of alternative-fuel vehicles in each class.

[   2]     Hybrid.  Please list makes and models.  Honda Civic

[ 19]     Electric.  Please list makes and models.  17 Club Car Carryall; 2 GEM

[   6 ]    Biodiesel.  Please describe type of vehicles and list biodiesel blend(s) used:

5 buses and 1 garbage truck run on B20.

[614]    E10 cars, vans, and light trucks

[280]    E85 flex fuel cars and light trucks, fueled by an E85 pump at the campus service station.

[  11]    Other.  Please describe.

8 Electric Gators

3 Toro Workman E2050


60)     What is the average GHG emission rate per passenger mile of your institution’s motorized fleet?

[0.7 kg/vehicle mile] Pounds of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) per passenger mile traveled



61)     Does your school offer incentives for carpooling?   Yes.


The Commuter Alternative Program (CAP)

CAP rewards employees, faculty, and students who commute by car for switching to alternate modes of transportation, including carpooling, vanpooling, car sharing, public transit, park-and-ride to public transit, bicycling, and walking.  Enrollment is free.  Participants give up their parking permits in exchange for benefits that include free bus pass good on all Triangle Transit bus routes which serve the Raleigh,-Durham-Chapel Hill region, permit for one of the public or dedicated park-and-ride lots, UNC Emergency Ride Back service to park-and-ride lots and to locations within Chapel Hill town limits, Triangle Transit Emergency Ride Home service, $20 monthly subsidy toward vanpool costs, eligibility for one parking permit that may be shared by members of a carpool, occasional use one-day permits, 50% discount on Zipcar car-sharing membership fee, eligibility for prize drawings, and discounts from area merchants.


62)     Does your school offer public transportation subsidies?   Yes.


The Commuter Alternative Program (described in question 61) provides members with free annual passes for Triangle Transit buses that serve the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill area.


The Chapel Hill Transit system is a partnership among UNC and the towns of Chapel Hill and Carrboro.  It provides free public bus service throughout the Chapel Hill, Carrboro, and UNC community, equips buses with bike racks, and runs a shuttle, the Tar Heel Express, for UNC home football and basketball games. UNC pays over $6 million a year, or 60%, of the local cost of making the service fare free. Chapel Hill has among the highest per capita bus ridership in the country.


63)     Does your school provide free transportation around campus?   Yes.


In addition to free Chapel Hill Transit routes, including routes that circulate through and between our campuses, the smaller Point-to-Point (P2P) biodiesel bus fleet provides free campus transportation.  The P2P Express runs regularly-scheduled buses along fixed routes at night. Students not on the express route can access P2P evening service to open campus buildings and campus parking lots.


Various campus shuttle services are available.  Saferide is a shuttle that runs continuously from midnight to 3am Monday through Thursday between the Student Union and campus housing locations.  Student Health Shuttle provides daytime transportation to the Student Health Service Center.  Transportation by the Student and Employee Disability Service is available 24-hours for disabled students and employees.


64)     Does your school operate a free transportation shuttle to local off-campus destinations?   Yes.


In addition to free Chapel Hill Transit routes, the Robertson Scholars Program, a collaborative UNC-Duke University program, operates the Robertson Scholars Express Bus which provides members of both university communities free, daily shuttle bus service between the two campuses every half hour.



65)     Does your school offer a bicycle-sharing/rental program or bicycle repair service?

[X]    No.

[   ]    Yes.  Please provide details below.

Year created:

Number of bikes available:

Fees for participation:

Repair services provided:



66)     Does your school partner with a car-sharing program?

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please provide details below.

Year created: 2004

Total number of vehicles: 5

Fee for membership: $35 per year


Available to students, staff, and faculty 18 years of age or older and to campus departments.



67)     Does your school have policies that support a pedestrian-friendly or bike-friendly campus (e.g., in the school’s master plan, a policy prohibiting vehicles from the center of the campus)?

[   ]    N/A.  Please explain:

[   ]    No.

[X]    Yes.  Please describe: Please see the Campus Master Plan at http://www.fpc.unc.edu/Planning/MainCampusMasterPlan.aspx


68)     What percentage of individuals commutes to campus via environmentally preferable transportation (e.g., walking, bicycling, carpooling, using public transit)?

[ >50 %]




69)     Campus setting:

[   ]    Rural

[   ]    Suburban

[   ]    Urban

[X]    Other.  Please describe. 

Small Town, population approximately 72,000.  Campus adjacent to downtown and residential neighborhoods.


70)     Total number of buildings:   453 

71)     Combined gross square footage of all buildings:   17,999,755 (excludes Hospitals) 

72)     Full-time enrollment (undergraduate and graduate):   23,788 fall, 2008 

73)     Part-time enrollment (undergraduate and graduate):   4,779 fall, 2008 

74)     Part-time enrollment as a proportion to a full-time course load:   54% 

75)     Percent of full-time students that live on campus:   Not known. For fall 2008, 37% of total students lived on-campus in resident student housing, student family housing, fraternity & sorority, or university-affiliated housing.


Questions 76-87 are informational purposes only; responses will NOT be included in the Report Card evaluation process.




Please mark an “X” next to each item that applies to your institution.

76)     Outdoors club: X  

77)     Disposable water bottle ban:  

78)     Participation in Recyclemania:  X  

79)     Student trustee position:  X  

80)     Environmental science/studies major:  X  

81)     Environmental science/studies minor or concentration:  X

82)     Graduate-level environmental program:  X  

83)     Student green fee:  X  

84)     Alumni green fee:  

85)     Revolving loan fund for sustainability projects:  

86)     Campus garden or farm:  X  

87)     Single-stream recycling:




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